In the United States alone, there are 18. 2 million people with diabetes. Another 13 million people already have diabetes.

 

About diabetes:

Diabetes comes from the Greek word “Diabenin”. This means “to pass” you talk about profuse urination, and Miletus of your Latin word means “sweetened with honey”. These two terms denote local urine or possibly sugar in the urine.

Diabetes is a disease when the body does not produce or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that controls the rate of change of starch, sugar and other nutrients to glucose. A device called the pancreas produces and releases hormones in the blood. Insulin helps keep your blood glucose level within the normal range.

After a meal, the liver stores glucose from the meal as glycogen and releases it into the blood between meals. The role of insulin is to control this storage and release glucose. It ensures that the amount of glucose in the blood each time does not exceed or fall below the normal range.

 

Types of diabetes:

According to the World Health Organization, 5 categories of diabetes are recognized.

here they are:

1. Insulin-dependent diabetes or type 1 diabetes

2. Non-insulin dependent diabetes or type 2 diabetes

3. Gestational diabetes

4. Diabetes insipidus

5. Bronze diabetes

 

1. Insulin-dependent diabetes or type 1 diabetes: Type 1 attacks children and young people, and is characterized by pancreas that fails to produce insulin, a hormone that breaks down sugars and starches while converting them into energy.

2. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes: Type 2 occurs later in adult life and is characterized by the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin due to several factors.

3. Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and disappears after birth, within 3 weeks. About 3% of all pregnancies are accompanied by gestational diabetes and about half of these patients are prone to permanent diabetes later in life.

4. Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder where the body uses the system to regulate water levels becomes disabled.

5. Bronze Diabetes: Bronze disease is a genetic disorder caused by excessive iron storage in the body leading to organ damage, including pancreatic damage leading to diabetes.

 

Cause of diabetes:

The most obvious cause is usually not attributed to the most common type of diabetes. Some factors can increase an individual’s chances of developing diabetes, and may be called risk factors. Some factors are listed below:

 

Obesity: Nearly three-quarters of all people with type 2 diabetes are obese. Therefore, obesity may be a cause of diabetes.

 

Family history: Family history of this disease increases the chances of developing the disease.

 

Inadequate and irregular exercise may increase your chances of developing diabetes.

 

History of gestational diabetes: In this case, a woman increases the risk of permanent diabetes later in life.

 

Tests help diagnose diabetes:

There are two main tests used to determine whether a person has glucose intolerance:

1. Fasting plasma glucose test

2. Oral glucose tolerance test

 

Prevent diabetes:

There is no permanent cure for diabetes once it develops, and it is managed for life. But you can prevent ever falling from this lifelong pain.

The following tips may help reduce the risk of diabetes.

1. Do enough exercise.

2. Reduce body weight as well as fat and maintain typical body weight is really essential. Therefore, low weight.

3. Choose whole grains and whole grain products on highly processed carbohydrates.

4. Skip sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee or tea instead.

5. Choose good fats instead of bad fats.

6. Reduce red meat.

7. Choose nuts, poultry or fish.

8. Cigarette smoke contains many toxic substances. So stop smoking.

9. Reduce salt intake.

10. Monitor your blood sugar level.

 

Some lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, maintaining moderate body weight, reducing fat intake and a high fiber diet are all helping to live a normal healthy life. These measures are recognized to increase insulin sensitivity as well as reduce blood pressure.

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